A Hawaiian Ti plant, Cordyline fruticosa, is in the family Asparagaceae. It is a relative of the Agave, Sansevieria, and Yucca. Although many plant sources still refer to the plant as Cordyline terminalis, that name is now considered invalid by the International Cordyline Society. Other common names for a Hawaiian Ti plant are, Ti Plant, Good Luck Plant, and Hawaiian Good Luck plant. Many types of cordylines are native to Hawaii, but other varieties were also found in Australia, New Zealand, South America, and parts of Asia. The long leaves of a Hawaiian Ti plant are often used as roofing material and to make traditional “hula” skirts.
Hawaiian Ti Plant Description
A Hawaiian Ti plant is one of the most colorful foliage plants you can purchase. The cane-like woody stems produce sword-shaped leaves 2ft.-5ft. in length and 5″ to 7″ in width. Leaf color can be a solid color or a mixture of maroon, purple, rose, yellow, cream, white, pink, green, or just plant solid green. When young, a Hawaiian Ti plant is a small table plant, as it matures, it becomes an exotic looking floor plant.
Hawaiian Ti Plant Varieties
Cordyline fruticosa ‘Black Mystique’ has leaves that start out green and become almost purple/black
Cordyline fruticosa “Sherbert” has green leaves with stripes of pink, cream, and magenta
Cordyline fruticosa ‘Florida Red’ has narrower leaves that are dark reddish/purple with lighter pinkish/red highlights
Cordyline fruticosa “Hawaiian Boy” has dark reddish/purple leaves
Cordyline fruticosa “Maria” has magenta leaves at first that then get bright pink tips and striations pink
Cordyline fruticosa “Morning Sunshine” Has brightly colored leaves in light yellow, pink, orange, and green
Cordyline fruticosa “Ruby” has, depending on the light, deep burgundy, magenta, pink, and green leaves
“Black Magic” “Morning Sunshine” “Maria” “Sherbert” Ti Plant Flowers
Quick Care Tips
Bright, indirect light but no direct sun
Keep the soil barely moist and never allow the soil to totally dry out
Provide warm temperatures 65°-85°F (18.3°-29.4°C)
High humidity helps the plant look better
Feed only in the spring and summer and never use a plant food containing fluoride
Propagate by plant divisionLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at https://www.houseplant411.com/glossary or by using plant cuttingsLearn how to propagate plants using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, cane cuttings, and branch cuttings.
There are many similarities between a Hawaiian Ti plant and a dracaena. The major difference is that dracaenas are easy- care plants while Hawaiian Ti plants require a bit of extra care to grow well. They are a colorful, exotic looking addition for any bright area in your home. Ti plants are considered poisonous, so please keep them away from pets and children. Read more about common plants that are poisonous in Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants
There could be a few things causing Ti plant leaf problems. Faded colors in the leaves can be the result of low light, too much fertilizer, bright direct sun, very warm temperatures, and spider mites. Examine both sides of the leaves of your Ti plant for spider mites; these plant pests suck the color from the leaves. Chemicals such as fluoride, chlorine, and salt in the water also cause leaf damage.
Your Ti plant is probably not doing well because now that it’s inside and gets less light and is in a cooler space, it needs less water and less fertilizer. Cut back on your water and plant food and I bet the plant starts to do better.
Ti plants, like dracaenas, are cane plants and it is normal for bottom leaves to drop off when new leaves appear at the top. If the leaf drop is excessive, try giving your plant a little more water. Also, turn your Ti plant every few weeks so all parts of the plant get the proper amount of light.