Plant Propagation Basics

There are 5 major ways to propagate houseplants: plant cuttingsLearn how to propagate plants using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, cane cuttings, and branch cuttings., plant divisionLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at, offsetsHouseplant offsets, or pups as they are sometimes called, are the baby plants that form at the base of certain houseplants.Plant offsets can be used to easily propagate new plants. Wait until the plant offsets have grown at least several inches, then gently detach them from the "mother"plant. Hopefully the plant offsets will have a few roots of their own at this point. Plant the offsets in a small container and keep the plant barely moist but never soggy at all times., air layeringLearn how to use Air Layering to propagate houseplants., and plantletsCertain plants, such as spider plants, send off long slender stems called runners. New plants, or plantlets, that can be used for propagation, often develop at the ends of these runners. Place the plantlets on top of potting soil while they are still attached to the original plant. The plantlets will continue to get nutrition from the parent plant while developing roots of its own. Pin the plantlet to the soil with an open paper clip or a small piece of wire. Once the plantlet has rooted, sever the connection to the parent plant. Alternately, some plantlets can be carefully removed from the runners of the original plant and directly potted.. Whichever propagationLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at method you choose, the parent plant should be healthy and your tools should be clean and sharp. Rooting HormoneRooting Hormone helps plant cuttings produce new roots and is very important to use if you want your propagation attempts to be successful. Always dip the cut end of a stem or leaf into water and then dip it into the rooting hormone before planting it. Tap off any excess powder since too much hormone is worse than too little. helps the the propagationLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at process by encouraging new roots to develop, but too much is worse than none at all and it should contain a FungicideLearn what fungicides are and how they are used to treat fungal and bacterial plant infections. to prevent plant diseases. The rooting media should be light and fast draining. Vermiculite and clean sterile sand are good choices. Place the new plants in indirect light and keep the temperature between 70-80 degrees. Cover the newly propagated plants with plastic to increase the humidity and prevent the soil from drying out. Use picks, sticks, or wire to support the plastic and keep it off of the plant sections that are rooting. Last, but not least, be patient; propagationLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at is often a slow process.