Names of plants and how to care for them care

What are the names of these plants. Could you tell me why the leaves on the second one are drooping? How much light and water does it need?.

Hi Denise,

This first plant is a dracaena warneki. A Dracaena Warnekii survives in low light, but grows faster and fuller in medium light. In low light the new leaves may be smaller and narrower. Direct sun burns the leaves. All Dracaenas  like to be kept on the dry side. Water well and then allow the top 50% of the soil to dry out before watering again. Dark brown leaf tips are a sign of over-watering or extreme under-watering. The lower the light the less water a Dracaena Warnekii needs. All Dracaenas are very sensitive to fluorine & salt; it causes brown leaf tips. If your water is fluoridated and/or passes through a softener do one of the following: let it sit out over night before using it; use water from your outside hose,  or use distilled water. These plants do not require much fertilizer. Feed with a good indoor plant food monthly in spring and summer diluted to 1/2 the recommended strength. It’s not necessary to feed Dracaenas in the fall or winter. Too much plant food also causes brown tips. You can read all my care tips for this plant in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

The second plants is a philodendron bipinnatifidum “atom plante” (tree philodendron) also called a Philodendron selloum ‘Mighty Atom. ‘  Your plant hasn’t developed the large cut outs seen in some bipinnatifidum leaves  probably because it hasn’t gotten enough light. A Philodendron Selloum grows well in bright indirect light. In lower light, the leaves turn a darker green and don’t “split.” Direct sun or too much light burns or fades the leaves. Unlike other Philodendrons, the Selloum likes moist but not soggy soil. During the winter, water less often, keeping the soil barely moist. Feed a Philodendron Selloum monthly during the spring, summer, and fall with a water-soluble fertilizer diluted to ½ the recommended strength. Too much plant food causes excess salt build up in the soil that can result in leaf burn. You can read all my care tips for this Philodendron in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

A Selloum does grow a trunk as it matures, but the huge drooping leaves (which are normal) usually hide it.