How to Grow and Care for an Echeveria Plant

I’m wondering what type of plant food to use on a succulentLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant." I received as a gift for my daughter’s baby shower last year. Baby is now 15 months old, so this succulentLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant." is 16 months old. I can’t identify it more specifically. Perhaps you can, Judy. For size reference, the pot is 4” in diameter, 3.75” tall, and the plant is about 4” tall. Also does it need to be repotted into a larger pot again at this point? (It was about 2” when I got it, in about a 2” diam. pot.)
Thanks for your help, Judy.
Pamela Camboia

Hi Pamela,

Learn to identify and care for an echeveria plant.

Your plant is a succulent plantLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant." called an echeveria.

Light: These plants like as much bright lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light. as you can provide (they can even handle several house of direct sun). During the summer you can even put them outside, but be sure to bring them in before nighttime temperatures go below 50°F (10°C).

Water: Echeveria plants  require very little water. I usually wait until the soil has totally dried out and then water well enough so the water comes out the drip holes in the bottom of the pot. These plants easily develop root rot and die from over- watering. During the summer, when the plant is actively growing and producing new leaves, water a bit more often.

Plant Food: Succulent PlantsLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant.", like an Echeveria, are used to growing in very poor soil so they do not require much plant food. Feed the plant monthly during the spring and summer, but never during the spring and fall. I recommend using a fertilizerPlants need fertilizer only when they are actively growing. Slow growing plants in low light require very little plant food. Too much fertilizer is worse than not enough. Most plants prefer a water soluble plant food at 1/2 the recommended strength. Plants that are in bloom or dormant should not be fertilized. Houseplant food contains nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). A fertilizer containing these elements in equal proportion is considered a balanced plant food. Nitrogen helps in photosynthesis and encourages the growth of leaves and stems. Potassium and phosphorus also help in photosynthesis and aid in root and flower development. Most fertilizers have trace elements of other minerals that are lacking in the soil but are necessary for good plant growth. Fertilizers have a high salt content. If a plant is not producing new leaves and doesn’t absorb the fertilizer, salts build up in the soil. These salts can burn the roots, discolor the leaves, and cause new growth to be small. that is made specifically for succulentLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant."s or cactus plants. If you do use a regular indoor plant food, be sure to dilute it to 1/4 the recommended strength to avoid what is called fertilizerPlants need fertilizer only when they are actively growing. Slow growing plants in low light require very little plant food. Too much fertilizer is worse than not enough. Most plants prefer a water soluble plant food at 1/2 the recommended strength. Plants that are in bloom or dormant should not be fertilized. Houseplant food contains nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). A fertilizer containing these elements in equal proportion is considered a balanced plant food. Nitrogen helps in photosynthesis and encourages the growth of leaves and stems. Potassium and phosphorus also help in photosynthesis and aid in root and flower development. Most fertilizers have trace elements of other minerals that are lacking in the soil but are necessary for good plant growth. Fertilizers have a high salt content. If a plant is not producing new leaves and doesn’t absorb the fertilizer, salts build up in the soil. These salts can burn the roots, discolor the leaves, and cause new growth to be small. burn.

Humidity: Echeverias are from dry desert areas and do well in regular household humidity. They will not do well in humid areas such as a bathroom.

Temperature: Basic household temperatures are fine. During the winter, keep an echeveria away from cold drafts and during the summer, away from air conditioners.

Soil: Cactus soil is best. If using regular potting soil, be sure to add some coarse sand to the mix.

Pot Size: Do not move the plant to a larger pot until the roots have filled the existing container. If the pot is too large, the soil stays wet too long, and the roots rot. There must always be drip holes in the bottom of the pot so excess water can escape; never allow the plant to sit in the excess water.