A jade plant, Crassula ovata, has become a very popular, succulent houseplant because of how easy it is to care for. (Nicknames for the plant are Friendship plant, Silver Dollar plant, Chinese Rubber plant, Money Tree plant, Money plant, and Lucky plant. A jade plant got the name “Money Plant” because, according the Feng Shui, having it in your home, business, or office brings you prosperity and good luck. Do not confuse this plant with the Pachira Aquatica also called a Money plant or the Pilea peperomiodes (Chinese Money plant). Originally found in the dry hills of South Africa, it is very tolerant of all types of conditions except one – over watering.
A jade plant is a green friend that just won’t die! It got the name jade plant because of its resemblance to the jade gemstone. Today, there are many different varieties and cultivars available, with different leaf colors, patterns, and leaf shapes. The Crassula ovata remains the most the most popular. The scientific name is a perfect description of what the plant looks like. “Crassula” is latin for thick, and refers to the fat or thick, succulentLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant.", 2″ plant leaves. Ovata means egg-shaped, and refers to the shape of the leaves. All types of jade plants have thick roots, shiny, plump, leaves, and sturdy stems that store water and make the plant drought resistant. When placed in very bright lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light., some may develop red leaf edges. Certain jade plants produce tiny pink or white star-shaped flowers, not in the summer like most plants, but around Christmas.
Jade Plant Varieties
Crassula Ovata “jade plant, has solid green, oval leaves and is the most popular jade plant sold.
Crassula ovata “lemon lime” has longer, narrower, oval leaves with light green and pale, yellow stripes.
Crassula “Silver Dollar” has silvery-blue, oval leaves.
Crassula “Minima” is a compact miniature jade plant.
Crassula Ovata “Skinny fingers” has leaves that resemble thin, upright fingers.
C.Silver Dollar C.Red Akai C. Variegated C.Buddha Flowering Jade Plant
Jade Plant Quick Care Tips
Provide bright lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light., especially if you want flowers
Water only when the soil is very dry.
Feed a few times in spring and summer. Do not over fertilize.
Watch out for Mealy BugsLearn how to identify and treat Mealy Bugs, a houseplant pest that leaves sticky, white, cottony residue on houseplants., Spider mites, and scaleSoft Brown Scale plant pests are the most common scale that attack indoor houseplants, especially ficus tress, various ivy varieties, spider plants, ferns, aralia, and schefflera. The scale plant pests appear as small, bumpy, brown spots that may appear to move. As the scale plant pest sucks on the sap of the plant, it secretes a sticky substance called "honeydew." The honeydew attracts black mildew. Because of the shell-like exterior, sprays are only partially effective against scale. Wipe off the lines of brown oval bumps with your finger, a cloth, or a child’s toothbrush then spray the plant with Neem Oil or a houseplant insecticide. You can use the non-toxic, easily made Green Solution to clean off the black mildew..
A jade plant makes a wonderful houseplant. It is a compact, attractive plant that rarely sheds leaves, thrives on neglect, does not mind dry air, and even flowers indoors. With a little time and effort, it can be trained to be a bonsaiLearn how to grow bonsai plants, and which plants make the best bonsai plants at Houseplant411.com plant. Best of all, the plant is so easy to propagate, either by Stem CuttingsLearn how to propagate plants using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, cane cuttings, and branch cuttings. or by stray leaves that fall onto the soil; it almost propagates itself. A jade plant is a poisonousPlants are a great addition to homes and offices, but it’s important to know whether your plants are dangerous to children, pets, or even adults. Some plants contain chemicals such as oxalates, solanine, glycosides, or alkaloid lycorine that may cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, swelling and redness of the mouth, throat, and lips, and trouble breathing. Touching parts of certain plants, especially the sap, may cause various skin irritations. The weight and age of the human or pet involved, and the part and amount of plant eaten determine how severe the reaction to the toxins will be. Although plants may be listed as non-toxic, they can still cause individual allergic reactions. If there is any question after a houseplant has been ingested or touched, immediately call the Poison Control Center 1-800-222-1222. More poisonous houseplant information and pictures of common plants that are dangerous to children and pets can be found in my book Don’t Feed Me to Your Cat: A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants plant so be careful where you put it in your home.
Getting Jade plants to flower takes a bit of work. The first thing to remember is that only mature Jade plants get flowers. If you have a mature Jade plant you can get it to bloom by moving the plant to a very bright location, even gradually introducing it to direct sun during the year. Jade plants usually bloom around Christmas in the northern hemisphere. Blooming is triggered by the natural shortening of the daylight hours. If your Jade plant is in a room that gets any light at all at night during late November and December, it will probably not bloom.
Jade plants love to go outside in warm weather. Avoid immediately putting the plant into direct sun since the leaves might burn. You can gradually move into direct sun. Be sure to bring a Jade plant inside before the temperatures go below 45°.
Green leaves usually fall off a Jade plant when it is over-watered. Allow your plant to dry out for at least 2-3 weeks or until the soil is totally dry before watering the plant again. A Jade plant may also lose leaves when it is nitrogen deficient. Try giving it some plant food high in nitrogen diluted to 1/2 the recommended strength.
There is a really simple way to fix a top heavy Jade plant with bare stems. Use your fingernail to make tiny shallow slits up and down the stem. Wherever you make a slight cut in the stem, new leaves will grow. Your Jade plant will be bushy an sturdy in no time.