Help Identify Plants

Please help identify my plants. Both were gifts. I think they need transplanting and would like to know what they are before they go to their new homes.
Thank you, Debbie

Hi Debbie,

                  

Variegated Peperomia                                        Dark Green Croton

Identify Plants:

The first plant is a variegated Peperomia plant (Peperomia obtusifolia Variegata).  It is a semi succulent  plant that likes bright, indirect light and fairly dry soil. Aside from the attractive patterned leaves in various shades of dark green, light green, and cream, it produces reddish brown flower spikes topped with tiny cream-colored flowers.

Peperomia Care Tips

Provide bright indirect lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light., but no direct sun

Allow soil to dry out, succulentLearn the definition of a succulent plant and why they are called a "fat plant." peperomia plant stores water in its thick leaves

Keep the plant warm, minimum temperature of 50°- 55°F (10°-12.8°C)

Likes a small pot

Use Stem CuttingsLearn how to propagate plants using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, cane cuttings, and branch cuttings. in spring and summer for propagationLearn how to propagate plants by plant division at https://www.houseplant411.com/glossary

Water and fertilize less in the fall and winter

You can read all my tips on how to care for a peperomia plant in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/peperomia-plant-how-to-grow-care-guide

The second plant is a croton. The leaves have lost all of their bright yellow, red, and orange colors because the plant has not gotten enough light. Move the plant to a locationn where it will get bright, indirect light and the leaves will become colorful.

Croton Care Tips

Bright, indirect light, leaves lose bright colors in lower light

Wait until leaves become soft and flexible before watering

Fertilize every month during the spring and fall and every two weeks during the summer. Over feeding causes leaf curl.

Prefers temperatures between 60°-80°F (15.6-26.7°C)

You can read all my tips on how to care for a Croton plant in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/croton-plant-how-to-grow-care-guide