Identify this plant and how do I propagate it??

Hi Zelda,

Your plant is a type of dieffenbachia. All parts of a Dieffenbachia are extremely poisonous which is how they earned the nickname “dumb cane plant”and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants

Dieffenbachias are usually propagated using air layering or stem cuttings. You can read all about dieffenbachias in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/dieffenbachia-how-to-grow-care

propagationRead how to propagate houseplants by Plant Division at HousePlant411.com by air layeringLearn how to use Air Layering to propagate houseplants.: Propagating houseplants by air layeringLearn how to use Air Layering to propagate houseplants. is used primarily for large plants with thick strong stems that are not easily propagated by other methods. The new plant is propagated while still attached to the parent plant.

1. Use a sharp clean knife make an upward 1” slit just below a node on the stem of the “mother” plant. A node is where a leaf attaches to the stem. The slit should go 1/2 way through the stem. Place a piece toothpick in the slit to keep it open. If the slit heals shut, the new roots won’t grow.

2. Remove any bark or leaves a few inches above and below the slit in the plant stem. Dust the area with Rooting Hormone that contains a Fungicide.

3. Pack a large handful of moist sphagnum moss around the slit. Cover the moss with clear plastic, and tie the plastic securely to the stem. Check the moss weekly to be sure it stays moist but not soggy.

4. When roots have filled the moss, cut the stem below the new root ball and plant it. air layeringLearn how to use Air Layering to propagate houseplants. may take months, so try to be patient.

propagationRead how to propagate houseplants by Plant Division at HousePlant411.com by Stem Cuttings: Use a sharp, clean scissors or razor blade to cut a 3”-5” piece from the end of a healthy stem just below a leaf node. A node is where a leaf joins the stem. Remove leaves from the bottom 1/3 of the stem. Dip the cut end of the stem into a small amount of Rooting Hormone that contains a Fungicide. Plant the stem in moist potting soil. Cover the pot with clear plastic to increase the humidity and prevent the soil from drying out. Check the plant every few days to be sure the soil stays moist. Tug on the stem cuttings after a few weeks, if there is resistance, roots have developed, the plastic can be removed, and the propagationRead how to propagate houseplants by Plant Division at HousePlant411.com was successful.





 

How to Get a Hoya Plant to Bloom

Hi Scott,

The plant is a variegated Hoya Plant. This is what it looks like in bloom.

Pink flowers on Hoya Plant

Blooming Hoya Plant

Hoya plants must be a few years old and have some fairly long stems before they can produce flowers. Proper light and watering are the two most important things a hoya plant needs so that it can bloom.

Light: Hoya Plants do best and bloom more often in very bright light. They are one of the few indoor houseplants that can even thrive in direct sun. Although Hoya Plants can adapt to lower light, they grow slower and do not produce the fragrant waxy flowers that are so beautiful. The best place to put a hoya plant is in front of a window facing east or west where it will get several hours of direct sun every day. It needs bright indirect light the rest of the day. Direct sun from a south facing window will burn the leaves.

Water: Hoya Plants are Succulent Plants. The soil of a Hoya Plant should dry out almost completely before being watered.  These plants thrive on neglect, but do need additional water when in bloom. Use water that has been left sitting in an open container for 24 hours or more so that chemicals such as chlorine and fluorine in your tap water can dissipate or use distilled water. Chemicals found in tap water, salty water that has passed through a softener, and very cold water can harm a hoya plant. Be sure there are drip holes in the pot so excess water can drain and not cause root rot. Never allow a hoya to sit in water. In the winter, allow the soil to dry out completely before watering so that plant can have a “rest.” This helps the plant bloom more in the spring and summer months.

You can find all of my care tips for hoya plants in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/hoya-plant-how-to-grow-care-tips






 

Name of Plant and Why It’s getting Brown Leaves

Hi Carissa,

Your plant is called a dracaena marginata. It is a stalk plant with means it is perfectly okay for it to lose its bottom leaves as long as it is getting new leaves on top. This is what it will eventually look like.

If just the tips of the leaves throughout the plant are turning brown then you are using water that has too much chlorine, fluoride, or salt in it; or you are giving the plant too much plant food. You can read all of my care tips for a dracaena marginata in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/dracaena-marginata-how-to-grow-care-tips






 

Identify and Care for Black Cardinal “variegated”Philodendron

Hi Gabrielle,

Philodendron hybrid with red, black, green, and white leaves

Philodendron black cardinal variegated

The plant you saw is a Philodendron Black Cardinal “variegated.” This is a “self heading” philodendron hybrid which means it does not become a vine like many other philodendron. The vibrant colors develop as the plant matures. Under ideal conditions the plant develops a blackish red “Spathe” which some refer to as the flower of the plant.

Light: These plants like bright warm rooms, but too much light causes the color in the leaves to fade or even turn brown

Water: Keep the soil barely moist but never soggy.

Humidity: Low humidity causes brown leaves

Food: Fertilize monthly when the plant is actively growing with a balanced food at ½ the recommended strength. If the plant is not producing new leaves, it doesn’t need any plant food.

Soil: Use a rich quick draining soil.  You may have to add a little sand to your usual soil mix if it appears too heavy.

These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants


These plants are considered poisonousPlants are a great addition to homes and offices, but it’s important to know whether your plants are dangerous to children, pets, or even adults. Some plants contain chemicals such as oxalates, solanine, glycosides, or alkaloid lycorine that may cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, swelling and redness of the mouth, throat, and lips, and trouble breathing. Touching parts of certain plants, especially the sap, may cause various skin irritations. The weight and age of the human or pet involved, and the part and amount of plant eaten determine how severe the reaction to the toxins will be. Although plants may be listed as non-toxic, they can still cause individual allergic reactions. If there is any question after a houseplant has been ingested or touched immediately call the Poison Control Center 1-800-222-1222 The Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants [Paperback]is an excellent reference to keep around if you have young children and pets. and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonousPlants are a great addition to homes and offices, but it’s important to know whether your plants are dangerous to children, pets, or even adults. Some plants contain chemicals such as oxalates, solanine, glycosides, or alkaloid lycorine that may cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, swelling and redness of the mouth, throat, and lips, and trouble breathing. Touching parts of certain plants, especially the sap, may cause various skin irritations. The weight and age of the human or pet involved, and the part and amount of plant eaten determine how severe the reaction to the toxins will be. Although plants may be listed as non-toxic, they can still cause individual allergic reactions. If there is any question after a houseplant has been ingested or touched immediately call the Poison Control Center 1-800-222-1222 The Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants [Paperback]is an excellent reference to keep around if you have young children and pets. in Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous HouseplantsIn her new book, Don’t Feed Me to Your Cat!, plant care professional Judy Feldstein shares information about twenty-five common houseplants, each with various levels of toxicity, and the possible consequences if your pet or child snacks on them.




Pink Nepthytis (Arrowhead) Plant Turning Brown

Hi Linda,

Pink Nepthyis Arrowhead Plant

Pink Nepthytis Arrowhead Plant

The leaves of a pink/red nepthytis are sensitive; they  become “bleached” and turn an ugly gray-brown color when placed in the direct sun. Over-fertilizing and using water that has passed through a softener causes salts to build up in the soil and these salts can cause brown leaves. Insufficient humidity around an Arrowhead Plant is another cause of  brown leaves.

These are very common plants, especially the green variety, but they are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in

Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants






 

 

 

 

 

 

How to Help Angel Wing Begonia Plants Flower

Hi Nicloe,

I agree with you. It’s definitely an Angel Wing Begonia.

To help an Angek Wing Begonia flower try these suggestions:  bright indirect light, moderate temperatures, and a fertilizer high in potassium. Remove dead or fading flowers as soon as they appear to encourage more blooms.The intensity of the color of the flowers and leaves of Begonia plants depends upon how much light the plant is getting.

Pink flowers on Angel Wing Begonia

Angel Wing Begonia

You can read all my care tips for an Angel wing Begonia in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/angel-wing-begonia-how-to-grow-care






 

Caring for Peace Lily and Dracaena

Hi Mohit,

Your Peace Lily is a lowlight plant and should do well indoors if you have a window and are careful with your water. bright indirect lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light. on the porch is great, but any direct sun willburn the leaves. The plant droops quite a bit when it needs water, so wait until that happens before watering. Don’t be concerned because it will perk up again about 30 minutes after you water it. When you water, water well enough so that the water comes out the drip holes in the bottom of the pot into the drip saucer. The plant can sit in the water for about 10 minutes but then the excess water should be poured out. Leaves get black marks on them when the plant is over watered and may quickly die from too much water. Stressing the plants by allowing the leaves to droop seems to encourage more flowers. You can read all of my care tips in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/peace-lily-spathiphyllum-how-to-grow-care

These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in my book Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants

Your dracaena massangeana (dracaena corn plant) can tolerate low light but grows faster and produces larger leaves in medium to bright indirect light. Direct sun will burn the leaves. Like all Dracaenas, the top 50-75% of the soil  needs to dry out before watering. A Dracaena Plant survives under-watering but quickly dies from over-watering. If your water contains fluoride or chlorine, allow it sit out over-night so the fluoride can dissipate before using it on your Dracaena.  High concentrations of fluoride and chlorine cause brown tips on the plant leaves. Also, never use water that has passed through a softener on any of your houseplants. It is too salty and damages the leaves. You can read all my tips on how to care for this plant in the Popular houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/dracaena-corn-plant-how-to-grow-care





 

Plant Identification- Croton

Hi Alan,

Green Croton "mammy"

Croton “Mammy”

Your plant looks like a Croton “Mammy.” As this plant gets more light the leaves turn bright yellow, orange, and red which is what I think is happening to your top leaves. The bottom leaves are falling off from over watering. You can read all of my tips for a croton plant in the Popular Houseplant section of the website. The picture is of a different variety, but the care is the same.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/croton-how-to-grow-plant-care

These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in my book Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants




 

 

 

 

 

 

Why Do Palm Plants Turn Yellow

Hi,

When you get a new plant you should not feed it or move it to a new pot for at least six weeks; this gives it time to acclimate to its new home. Your palm could just be going into shock from being moved to a new pot and fertilized too soon. Your palm looks like a majesty palm which means it like bright lightVery few houseplants should be placed in direct sun. High light refers only to bright indirect light since direct sun often burns the leaves of indoor houseplants. An area that is too hot and dry encourages Spider Mites and causes blooms to quickly fade. A northern exposure really doesn't provide enough light for high light plants. These plants need to be placed directly in front of an east-facing window, within 1-3 feet of a west-facing window, and within 5 ft. of a south facing window. A high light area has over 300 ft. candles of light. or fronds turn yellow. The soil should be barely moist but never soggy and the plant should never sit in water. Fronds will turn yellow if the plant is over watered or if the soil totally dries out. You can read more about majesty palms in the Popular Houseplant sectionof the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/majesty-palm-how-to-grow-care





 

 

House Plants, Please Identify

Hi Alexa,

This is an indoor Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia.) A Bird of Paradise Plant is a slow growing plant with large paddle- shaped leaves that resemble those of a Banana Plant. Even indoors, a Bird of Paradise Plant can easily reach a height of 6ft.-7ft. These plants are considered poisonous and should be kept away from pets and children. Read more about common houseplants that are poisonous in Don’t Feed Me To Your Cat! A Guide to Poisonous Houseplants. You can read all of my care tips for a Bird of Paradise in the Popular Houseplant section of the website.

https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/bird-of-paradise-how-to-grow-care

Bird of Paradise Plant

 

This is a green jade pothos plant. Pothos are highly adaptable, glossy-leafed plants with heart-shaped leaves. A Golden Pothos has yellow and green leaves, a Marble Queen Pothos has white and green leaves, and a Jade Pothos has solid green leaves. These plants are considered poisonous also. Read more about them in the Popular Houseplant section of the website. https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/pothos-plant-how-to-grow-care

Pothos Plant

Learn if your plants are safe to have near kids & pets

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